AEO,ISPS或者TEU——港口物流的英语专业术语对于外行往往难以理解。什么是spreader?什么又是straddle carrier?在这个页面上,我们整理了部分英语专业术语的中文翻译和英语解释,以更好地帮助沟通和理解。

    • Ship planning | 船舶配载 “Ship planning” refers to how the containers are stowed on board the vessel, i.e. the stowage position they are allocated on board. Containers are stowed according to size, weight and port of destination. The objective is to obtain the maximum use of the available capacity of the ship and keep the number of re-stowing operations to a minimum, as re-stowage costs time. “Ship planning“ is a highly demanding task and responsibility.
    • Short sea shipping | 近海航运 The term “shortsea shipping” refers to intermodal transports of intra-european cargo. The major part of distance is covered by ship.
    • Spreader | 吊具 The container crane lifts containers with the help of a rope, on the end of which a so-called spreader is attached. A spreader is an adjustable fitting designed to engage the four corner fittings of container and lock with a twistlock. Some spreaders can be used in twin operation to lift two 20-foot containers at the same time.
    • Standard container | 标准集装箱 A standard container is a 20-foot container. The unit for a standard container is a TEU.
    • Straddle carrier | 集装箱跨运车 Straddle carriers (also known as van carriers) are large vehicles for moving or stacking containers on the terminal site. They are operated by drivers. The straddle carriers at EUROGATE’s terminals can stack 4-high, i.e. three containers vertically on top of one another. EUROGATE Uses straddle carriers at all its terminals as this concept has proved to be the most flexible. At 16 m high, the largest EUROGATE straddle carriers are as high as a single-family house.
    • Stuffing | 装箱,反义词:拆箱 In In logistics jargon the loading and unloading of cargo into or from a container.
    • TEU | 标准箱、标准货柜 Abbreviation for “twenty-foot equivalent unit”. A TEU is a 20-foot standard container. TEU is the unit used in container handling. The handling capacity of a container terminal or the transport capacity of a vessel are measured in TEUs. There are two basic sizes of container: 20-foot containers and 40-foot containers.
    • Transhipment | 中转、水水中转 Transhipment refers to moving container cargo from one ship to another. The cargo is not stowed at the port, but is redistributed. In transhipment, cargoes are loaded from a main ship to a feeder ship or vice versa.
    • Twinlift | 双20尺吊具 Twinlift spreaders can lift and move two containers at the same time.
    • Twistlock | 扭锁 A twistlock is a standard mechanism which engages and locks into the corner fittings of containers to fix them. See also Spreader.
    • ULCV (or ULCS) | 超大型集装箱轮船 The abbreviation “ULCV” stands for Ultra-large Container Vessel (or Ultra-large Container Ship). These are container ships with a transport capacity >10,000 TEUs.