AEO,ISPS或者TEU——港口物流的英语专业术语对于外行往往难以理解。什么是spreader?什么又是straddle carrier?在这个页面上,我们整理了部分英语专业术语的中文翻译和英语解释,以更好地帮助沟通和理解。

    • AEO | 经认证的经营者 AEO is the abbreviation for “Authorised Economic Operator”. AEO is a term relating to European customs law. Companies can apply for the status of Authorised Economic Operator to facilitate the handling of customs procedures.
    • Combined transport | 联合运输 Container transport where the major part of the journey is by rail or inland waterways. Initial and final legs carried out by road are as short as possible.
    • Consignor | 货主 The consignor is the “shipper” of the containerised goods. A person or company who puts goods in the care of others (freight forwarder, carrier or other service providers) to be delivered to a consignee.
    • Container crane | 集装箱岸桥、桥吊 A container gantry is a crane with a jib used for loading and unloading container vessels. At EUROGATE’s container terminals the world’s biggest gantry cranes are in operation. The largest of these are in Wilhelmshaven. They have a pylon height of 83 m and weigh 1.750 tonnes. Their waterside jib 69 m spans 25 container rows on deck. They have a load-bearing capacity of 120 tonnes. The container gantries were manufactured in Shanghai (China) by ZPMC.
    • Container freight station (CFS) | 集装箱货运站 At a container freight station (CFS) goods are sorted and packed in containers for safe transport by road, rail or sea. EUROGATE operates a CFS at its Bremerhaven location directly on the terminal site. CFS services are also provided in Hamburg and Wilhelmshaven by company-owned subsidiaries.
    • Container | 集装箱、货柜 In commercial shipping, containers are used to transport goods. These are usually steel boxes that comply with the standards of the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) and are the same the world over. Standardisation makes it possible to tranship containerised loads quickly and easily on any means of transport anywhere in the world. The container was invented in 1956 by US American Malcolm McLean. It was the invention of the container that made globalisation possible. Basically a distinction is made between two types of container: 20-foot containers (6.095m x 2.352m x 2.393m) and 40-foot containers (12.032 m x 2.352 m x 2.393 m). The 20-foot container is regarded as the standard container. In addition there exist a number of special containers such as high-cube, open-top or flat-rack containers.
    • Customs seaport | 海关监管海港 Customs seaport is a term relating to customs law. A customs seaport is a depot belonging to the customs area of the European Union, to which special customs supervision rules apply. In a customs seaport goods not produced in the EU may only be stored temporarily. (Source: HABIS-Website der Hamburg Port Authority. See “Glossary”.) On 1 January 2013, Hamburg was granted the status of customs seaport. Wilhelmshaven is also a customs seaport, while Bremerhaven is in a free zone.